Recent Publications

A longitudinal examiniation of the relation between internalizing problem behaviors and early adolescent cigarette smoking
“Potential differences in the relation between internalizing and smoking across adolescence are discussed. Specifically, the results of the present study and an examination of prior literature suggest that in early adolescence internalizing problems are negatively related to cigarette smoking, whereas in middle and late adolescence the opposite is true.” Read more…
Aloise-Young, P, Zaleski, A., & Swaim, R.C. (in press).  Journal of Dual Diagnosis.

 

The role of norms in marijuana use among American Indian adolescents
“American Indian adolescents residing on reservations report high levels of marijuana use. Understanding the relationships between normative mechanisms and marijuana use in this group can be especially important in designing effective strategies to prevent use.” Read more…
Stanley, L.R., Swaim, R.C., & Dieterich, S.L. (2017). Prevention Science.

 

Multivariate family factors and lifetime and current marijuana use among American Indian and white adolescents residing on or near reservations
“Rates of marijuana use are consistently high among reservation-based American Indian adolescents. The roles of family are unique in this ethnic group and can serve as sources of both risk and protection for substance use.” Read more…
Swaim, R.C., & Stanley, L.R. (2016). Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 169, 92-100.

 

The moderating effects of perceived social benefits on inhalant initation among American Indian and White youth
“This study examined whether perceived social benefits moderated the relationship between social influence variables (school attachment, peer inhalant use, perceived family caring, and parental monitoring) and stage of inhalant initiation (Study 1) and lifetime inhalant use (Study 2).” Read more…
Swaim, R.C. (2016).   Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 30, 398-405.

 

Alcohol consumption among rural African American and White adolescents: The role of religion, parents, and peers. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
“Although studies have examined ethnic differences in psychosocial factors and adolescent alcohol use, most have not examined these relationships for rural adolescents. The Community Drug and Alcohol Survey (CDAS) was completed by 23,163 rural adolescents attending African American secondary schools.” Read more…
Dickens, D.D., Jackman, D.J., Stanley, L.R., Swaim, R.C., Chavez, E.L. (2016). Journal of Ethnicity and Substance Abuse. 

 

Initiation of alcohol, marijuana, and inhalant use by American Indian and white youth living on or near reservations
“Early initiation of drinking, intoxication, marijuana, and inhalant use is associated with negative outcomes and substance use trajectories. Using national datasets, American Indian (AI) youth have been found to initiate substance use earlier than other youth.” Read more…
Stanley, L.R., & Swaim, R.C. (2015). Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 155, 90-96.

 

The moderating effects of perceived emotional benefits on early inhalant initiation among American Indian and white youth.
“Inhalant use co-occurs with emotional distress. Inhalant use may be a means of self-medicating distress, but more recent study focuses on the cognitive appraisal of personal benefits of using substances.” Read more…
Swaim, R.C. (2015). American Journal on Addictions, 24, 554-560.

 

Rates of substance use of American Indian students in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades living on or near reservations: Update, 2009-2012.
“Understanding the similarities and differences between substance use rates for American Indian (AI) young people and young people nationally can better inform prevention and treatment efforts. We compared substance use rates for a large sample of AI students living on or near reservations for the years 2009–2012 with national prevalence rates from Monitoring the Future (MTF).” Read more…
Stanley, L.R., Harness, S., Swaim, R.C., &  Beauvais, F (2014). Public Health Reports, 129, 156-163.

 

The normative environment for substance use among reservation-based American Indian students and white students attending the same schools
“American Indian and White students who attended the same schools located on or near reservations were surveyed to determine the comparative normative environment for substance use. Descriptive norms increased and student injunctive norms decreased across grade in school.” Read more…
Swaim, R.C., Stanley, L.R., & Beauvais, F. (2013). American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 83, 422-429.

 

The normative environment for drug use: Comparisons among American Indian and white adolescents
“The current study examined the influence of descriptive norms, injunctive norms, perceived outcome expectancies, and ethnicity on marijuana and inhalant use among 2334 American Indian (AI) and White high school students who lived on or near reservations in the United States.” Read more…
Dieterich, S.E., Swaim, R.C., & Beauvais, F. (2013). Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 12, 107-123.

 

Outcome expectancies, descriptive norms, and alcohol use: American Indian and white adolescents
“This study examined the relationships between adolescent alcohol use and outcome expectancies and descriptive norms for a sample of American Indian and white youth living on or near reservations. Three outcome expectancies proposed by the theory of normative social behavior (perceived benefits to self, perceived benefits to others, and anticipatory socialization) were examined.” Read more…
Dieterich, S.E., Stanley, L.R., Swaim, R.C., & Beauvais, F. (2013). Journal of Primary Prevention, 34, 209-219.

 

Emotional availability, attachment, and intervention in center-based childcare for infants and toddlers
“According to data from the 1997 NICHD Study of Child Care, center-based child care can have deleterious effects on children’s social–emotional development. We hypothesized that training child care professionals to develop positive relationships with children in their care would improve the quality of center-based child care.” Read more…
Biringen, Z., Altenhofen, S.,  Aberle, J., Baker, M., Brosal, A., Bennett, S., Coker, E., Lee, C., Meyer, B., Moorlag, A., & Swaim, R. (2012). Development & Psychopathology, 24, 23-34.

 

Regional differences in drug use rates among American Indian youth
“Research over the past several decades has shown that, compared to other American ethnic and racial groups, American Indian (AI) youth use alcohol and other drugs at significantly higher rates than their non-AI peers. However, to date, much of the research on AI adolescent substance use has been limited in the types of data used.” Read more…
Miller, Kimberly A., Linda R. Stanley, and Fred Beauvais. Drug and alcohol dependence 126.1 (2012): 35-41.